Knee replacement surgery is a common orthopedic treatment performed on the knee joint to replace damaged parts of the joint with prostheses. The majority of these patients require surgical fixation of the tibial or femoral. An end-to-end femoral segment is to maintain their range of motion to alleviate pain and symptoms.
Over the past two decades, computer-assisted surgical navigation has been developed and implemented. It means supporting surgeons during minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures.
As of now, several countries including India have identified computer-assisted surgical navigation. As a critical component of future technological advances in TKA. This article will discuss some recent advances made in total knee replacement surgery and outline some of the associated benefits and challenges.
Latest Technology in Knee Replacement Surgery in India
Navio Surgical System
Navio Surgical System is a highly advanced technology for knee replacement in India. It is a robotic platform that does not require any CT scans or MRIs. This technology is capable of creating a real-time image of the knee. Its deformity and visualizing the knee to plan how it is going to be after surgery without even touching the bone. Robotic knee replacement surgery with Morbidity and mortality.
Navio has a 1-6 Degrees-of-Freedom (DOF) mobile platform that provides freedom of motion. Similar to the movements of the human body. It uses several high-accuracy actuated and un-actuated links such as spherical gears, compliant articulated robotic arms, compliant instruments, flexible shafts, and joints with multiple degrees of freedom. The base of the system has six translation actuators that produce 3D translations in two perpendicular directions. These are counterbalanced by three planar rotations that can produce 2D translations in two orthogonal directions.
A sliding robot hand moves along a parallel link to grip and rotate instruments for precise placement of implants. An imaging device tracks patient positioning and intraoperative deformations of soft tissue to generate trajectories for joint motions. In vivo tests show that Navio is capable of making more natural knee replacements than the currently available technology. It may also enable future developments of artificial knee replacement systems with motion beyond what is currently possible with purely mechanical designs.
High Flex Knee Replacement
The high flex knee prosthesis is an effective surgery that increases the knee range of motion by 15 to 25 degrees as compared to other traditional knee replacement surgeries. This technology facilitates deeper bending to squat, kneel or sit cross-legged. To get the maximum benefits from this surgery you need to have advanced osteoarthritis, a thigh calf index above 90 degrees and you must be willing to undergo aggressive postoperative therapy.
Attune Rotating Platform Knee Replacement
This knee replacement surgery is the first of its type in India that makes the patient feel their knee like an ordinary knee in terms of capacity, strength and portability. In this surgery, a personalized knee is developed for the patient to get the maximum benefits after the surgery.
Latest Knee Replacement Technology 2022
Minimally-Invasive Surgery (MIS)
Minimally-Invasive Surgery MIS surgery has shown promising results with patient satisfaction rates as high as 90%1,2. This technique requires significantly less time in the operating room and thus can potentially lead to decreased cost. We present a detailed description of a tibial insert procedure.
This combines computer navigation and robotics with standard instrumentation to allow MIS surgery for partial knee replacement. Using both robot-assisted surgical instruments and robotic technology, we performed three separate tibial insert procedures on consecutive patients, each requiring 20 minutes in the operating room.
India provides highly affordable knee replacement surgery options for patients. There is sufficient availability of orthopedic surgeons with a lot of expertise with the help of knee replacement tools. Existing technology MIS will improve to provide better results in knee replacement surgery 2022.
The new technologies will reduce the risks such as infection and bleeding after the surgery. The success rate of these knee replacement surgeries is very high and the patient gets to leave the hospital a short time after the surgery. Other advancements will be made where smart tools will be embedded with the existing Latest Total knee replacement technique 2022.
Generally, Technological advancements are used for knee replacement surgery. Robotic surgeries such as MIS are getting very popular due to their effective results and their high precision. In India, there are many advanced technologies available for knee replacement. If you are thinking about getting a knee replacement then you must consult with your doctor about these technologically advanced treatments.
We hope this article cleared your doubts about the recent advances in knee replacement surgery. We wish you good health and hope for the best for your knee replacement surgery.
Dr. Kundan K Jha
MBBS - DNB Orthopaedic Surgery - FIJR, FIAS
Dr. Kundan Kumar Jha is a Sport Injury Specialist,Sports Medicine Surgeon and Joint Replacement Surgeon in Banjara Hills, Hyderabad and has an experience of 7 years in these fields. Dr. Kundan Kumar Jha practices at Regenio Lakki Scope Orthopaedics in Banjara Hills, Hyderabad. He completed MBBS from UCMS in 2015 and DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery from National Board of Examination, India in 2020.