Osteoarthritis (worn cartilage) is the most common joint condition. The most common form of osteoarthritis is osteoarthritis of the knee. Osteoarthritis of the knee causes chronic pain and limits movement. The cartilage in the knee wears away over many years. Since the cartilage has no sensory nerve endings (pain sensors), the damage is only noticed when the defects already affect the bone beneath the cartilage.
A cartilage transplant, or cartilage cell or chondrocyte transplant, is a new surgical procedure: in which cartilage damage is repaired using cartilage cells from the patient’s own body. Few knee specialists in Germany successfully perform this procedure. Dr Baum was the first physician in the world to perform an entirely arthroscopic cartilage transplant of the knee. He co-developed this procedure and trains other physicians in this surgical procedure.
The goals of a cartilage cell transplant of the knee:
- Reduce pain due to knee osteoarthritis
- Restoring the ability to bear weight and play sports
- Improve flexibility
- Restore the cartilage layer
- Prevent a joint replacement
- Preserve the joint and prevent osteoarthritis of the knee