Common Causes of Knee Pain in Young and Old Age:

The following are the common causes of Knee pain:

  1. Infection
  2. Inflammatory arthritis
  3. Meniscus tear
  4. ACL tear
  5. PCL tear
  6. Cartilage defects
  7. Osteoarthritis.

Common Causes of Hip Pain in Young and Old Age:

The following are the common causes of Hip Pain:

  1. Infection
  2. Inflammatory arthritis
  3. Labral tear
  4. Femoro-acetabular impingement
  5. Avascular necrosis(AVN)
  6. Cartilage defects
  7. Osteoarthritis


What are the Symptoms of Knee and Hip Pain:

Symptoms like Pain in the groin, thigh or buttocks, sometimes radiating to the knee joint on the affected side- in case of hip disease; knee pain in case of knee disease; difficulty in walking, climbing stairs, limp while walking, cramping pain in the calf muscles; fever- if associated with infection.

How to Get Rid of Knee and Hip Pain:

Follow these exercise to get rid of knee and hip pain:

  1. Regular exercises to maintain a good range of movement of joints; maintaining correct posture.
  2. Do not ignore your symptoms.
  3. Get yourself evaluated at the earliest by an orthopedic surgeon for examination.

"If you are still facing the pain then you need immediate attention. Consult an orthopedic surgeon for Physical exam."DOCTOR SUGGESTION

Is Keyhole Shoulder Surgery Painful?

Keyhole shoulder surgery is painful for few days after the procedure, you’ll likely to experience some discomfort and discomfort at the site where the incisions were cut, and you could also experience throat pain when a breathing tube is employed.


What Investigations are Needed for Knee or Hip pain?

X-ray to determine the stage of arthritis, bone overgrowth, bone defect and MRI scan to further quantify the problem- cartilage defect, arthritis or damage to other joint structures such as labrum in the hip or ACL/PCL/Meniscus in the knee.


Why does Knee or Hip Pain require Intervention?

Persistent knee or hip pain may be a sign of issues such as cartilage loss, ligament tear, meniscus tear, labral tear, AVN or arthritis- none of which heal on their own over time-being inside the joint, the blood circulation to these structures is poor- instead become worse- progressing to development of deformity(bend) in the joint, loss of the range and strength of joint movement- affecting the patient’s quality of life.

Treatment Options For Knee Joint Pain:

  1. Cartilage Supplements In The Form Of Once A Day Capsules.
  2. Knee Braces, Home Exercises For Muscle Strengthening, Posture Correction.
  3. Physiotherapy Modalities- Ultrasound, TENS, Interferential Therapy(IFT).
  4. Viscosupplementation With Synovial Fluid Substitutes- Done As An Out-Patient Procedure.


Stem Cell Therapy In The Form Of:

  1. Platelet Rich Plasma(PRP)- 2 Injections Given At 1 Month Interval As An Out-patient Procedure
  2. Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate(BMAC) injection Into The Joint
  3. Gold Induced Cytokine(GOLDIC) – Done As A 5 Stage, Out Patient Procedure Spread Over 13 Days

Knee Pain Treatment at Home:

The following are the Knee pain treatments at home and Knee pain Home remedies:

Weight Management:

Obesity and weight gain can cause extra pressure on your knee joints. Based on the Arthritis Foundation, an additional 10 pounds of excess weight can increase between 15 to 50 pounds of pressure on the joint

 Exercises at Home:

Individuals may consult in conjunction with an therapist in order to find the ideal exercises and programmes for their specific needs.

The strengthening of the upper leg muscles – the quadriceps muscles – through exercise will help ensure the knee joint is protected. The quadriceps muscles are located on the sides and in front of the thighs.

These are some methods to build these muscles:

  1. Straighten and raise your leg while lying down.
  2. Set one foot on a step, and then step down, repeat the step-ups.
  3. Sit in a chair, then sit and stand for about a minute. Perform this exercise in a steady controlled manner and avoid using your hands to support your.
  4. Squat on a chair, then hold it and sit until your kneecaps are covered by the toes. Repeat this 10 times.


Arthroscopic Surgery

Knee arthroscopy can be used to treat multiple knee joint issues:

  1. For ACL/ PCL tear: All inside ACL/ PCL reconstruction using hamstring tendon grafts and internal brace.
  2. Cartilage defects: Cartilage cell therapy.

Arthroscopic Surgery Stage Procedure:

Stage 1:  Arthroscopy + cartilage tissue biopsy- removing a small volume of patient joint cartilage from a non-weight-bearing region of the joint- which is sent to a lab for culture to multiply the cells.

Stage 2:  Arthroscopy + cartilage tissue implantation-after 4-6 weeks, the cartilage defect is prepared to receive the cells by implantation of cultured cartilage cells mixed with tissue glue to promote new healthy cartilage formation.

  1. Meniscus tear: All inside meniscus repair using meniscus cinch.
  2. Synovitis(proliferation of inner lining of joint due to arthritis/infection)- removal of diseased inner lining.
  3. Locking of knee due to loose bodies- arthroscopic removal of loose body.


When to have Joint Replacement Surgery?

Partial replacement / Total replacement / Robotic replacement: Depending upon the degree of involvement of joint cartilage joint replacement surgery is done.

Treatment Options for Hip Joint Pain:

  1. Cartilage Supplements In The Form Of Once A Day Capsules.
  2. Home Exercises For Muscle Strengthening, Posture Correction.
  3. Physiotherapy Modalities- Ultrasound, TENS, Interfernetial Therapy(IFT).
  4. Bone cell therapy- done in cases of early stage Avascular Necrosis(Dying Hip).

There are 2 Treatment options for hip joint pain:

Single Stage Procedure:

Core Decompression To Remove The Dead Bone Followed By Implantation Of Patient’s Own Bone Marrow To Promote New Healthy Bone Formation.

Two-Stage Procedure:

    Stage 1- Removing A Small Volume Of Patients Own Bone Marrow- Which Is Sent To Lab For Culture To Multiply The Cells.

    Stage 2- After 4-6 Weeks, Core Decompression To Remove The Dead Bone Followed By Implantation Of Cultured Bone Marrow Cells To Promote New Healthy Bone Formation.


    Knee Joint Replacement Surgery Cost in Banjara Hills, Hyderabad

    The price of Knee joint replacement surgery in Hyderabad ranges between ₹1.3 lakh to ₹2.5 lakh.

    Joint Replacement Doctor in Banjara hills, Hyderabad

    Dr. Prabhat Lakkireddi is a joint replacement surgeon, sports medicine surgeon and orthopedic surgeon in Regenio Orthopaedics banjara hills, and Apollo Hospitals Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad and has experience of 21+ years in these fields. Dr. Prabhat Lakkireddi practices at Dr. Lakki Reddy sports injuries & minimally invasive joint replacement surgeon in banjara hills, Hyderabad.