9+ Signs You Might Have Hip Arthritis.
- Pain in the groin
- Pain in the knee (referred from affected hip)
- Limp while walking
- Restricted mobility
- Inability to sit and stand for long period
- Inability to squat ; inability to sit cross legged
- Pain while rising up from a chair
- Difficulty in climbing stairs
- Pain increases after activity and there is pain relief after taking rest
- Recent fever , loss of appetite , loss of weight (sign of tb arthritis)
How to know if you have hip arthritis/What are some of the common arthritis symptoms ?
If you have the above mentioned signs and symptoms, you might have hip arthritis. You need immediate attention. Consult an orthopedic surgeon for physical exam.
Does hip arthritis show up on xray?
If hip arthritis does show up on x-ray . Some of the common signs on xray are – reduce joint space visualise as no gap between the ball and socket of the hip joint; extra bone growth at the margin of joint ; loose bodies; increased density in the subchondral bone; subchondral bone cyst, bone deformity.
Treatment depends upon the stage at which disease has been diagnosed.
Why it’s Important to Prevent Hip Fractures in Older Adults.
It is important to prevent hip fractures in older adults as due to advancing age and precarious blood circulation to the ball of the hip joint, the treatment of hip fractures in elderly is cumbersome, difficult and associated with many complications infection, blood clots in the leg and chest, non healing fracture, avascular necrosis(dead bone in the ball of hip joint), persistent joint pain, restricted mobility; all of which contribute to worsened quality of life if prompt treatment is not started at the earliest.
Risk factors for Hip Fractures.
Factors causing reduced bone mass(bone weakness)
- High body weight
- Alcohol intake
- Low levels of physical activity(sedentary lifestyle)
- Poor diet and nutritional status
- Hormonal deficiency in females after menopause
Factors increasing risk of falls in elderly
- Muscle weakness
- Abnormal gait or balance
- Neurologic disease
- Deteriorating eyesight
- Medications with sedative or cardiovascular side effects
How to Prevent Hip Fractures in Adults
Hip fractures are most of the time, low energy fractures, caused by simple fall at home from standing height in elderly due to weak bone mass. Hip fractures can be prevented by maintaining a good bone mass through regular exercises, good nutrition, maintaining normal body weight, avoiding smoking and alcohol intake.
Regular checkup with an orthopedic surgeon for early diagnosis and prompt treatment of weak bones(osteopenia/osteoporosis) is recommended.
Treatment for Hip Fractures in Adults
This algorithm is followed for treatment of hip fractures in elderly.
Dr. Kundan K Jha
MBBS - DNB Orthopaedic Surgery - FIJR, FIAS
Dr. Kundan Kumar Jha is a Sport Injury Specialist,Sports Medicine Surgeon and Joint Replacement Surgeon in Banjara Hills, Hyderabad and has an experience of 7 years in these fields. Dr. Kundan Kumar Jha practices at Regenio Lakki Scope Orthopaedics in Banjara Hills, Hyderabad. He completed MBBS from UCMS in 2015 and DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery from National Board of Examination, India in 2020.